Alhambra, Mexuar patio
(Click on image for high-quality PDF version)
One of the earliest and most widespread of Islamic star patterns, from the 11th century onwards, and from Morocco to India, in various media. It has given rise to numerous variations. Colour of this graphic is from Turkey.
- The symmetry group of the tiling is *632 (p6m).
- All the internal angles of the constituent polygons are a multiple of 30°.
- Contains one equilateral triangle.
- Contains one regular 12-pointed star polygon with vertex angle of 90°.
- There are three non-regular reflective tiles (including 2 kites).
- The tiling satisfies the interlace condition and has one finite interlace and no infinite interlace with straight cross-overs.
- The tiling is edge-to-edge.
- As drawn, contains about 247 polygons.
- Figure 10 (Eastern tower, Kharqan, Iran) from [lee] (1067-8AD, 458-9AH)
- Page 102 (Turkish enamel work, colour in original) from [singer] (12th century AD)
- Photo by David Wade: SPA 1914 (Alhambra, Mexuar patio, Spain) from [wadei] (1232-1417AD, 629-820AH)
- Page 79 (Salar and Sangar al-Gawli, Cairo, Egypt) from [okane2] (1279AD, 677AH)
- Bagdad Koran (Topkapi Palace Library, EH 762, fol 412.) from [pc] (1302-8AD, 701-7AH)
- Photo by David Wade: EGY 1111 (Qalawun, Cairo, Egypt. Beautiful colouring) from [wadei] (1303-4AD, 702-3AH)
- Photo by David Wade: IND 0417 (Itimad-ud-Daula's Tomb, Agra, India) from [wadei] (1626AD, 1035AH)
- Fig 14.5c from [ww]
- Flickr photo (Kok Gumbaz Mosque and Dorut Tilyovat Complex, Shakhrisabz, Central Asia) from [pc]
- Internet photo (Saadian Tombs, Marrakesh, Morocco) from [pc]
- Page 30 from [cahier]
- Page 52 (The Great Mosque of Herat, Central Asia) from [broug]
- Page 62, top left (Alhambra, Mexuar patio, Spain. Vestibule behind the East door of the south wall) from [field4]
- Page 85 from [wade]
- Photo by Ayman Soliman (Qalawun, Cairo, Egypt) from [pc]
- Vol 2, page 193 (The Sttiniya, Marrakesh, Morocco) from [paccard]
Collections of similar tilings